Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Relationship Between State Governments And The Federal...

The relationship between state governments and the federal government is a difficult balance that is necessary to form a strong union. It is extremely difficult to find a balance between the powers that the states have to govern themselves, while maintaining a strong federal government. Federalism is a political system in which the national and regional governments share powers and responsibilities. The two work independently, under the guidelines of the Constitution. Federalism is the best form of government for maintaining sovereignty for each state, yet still organized under a strong federal government, with the ability to keep the union intact. The United States of America was originally set up as a confederacy under the Articles of Confederation following the Revolutionary War. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state held onto its own sovereignty, but the federal government was very weak with relatively no power. Employment of the lowercase â€Å"u† in †Å"united† was designed to make clear that the articles were establishing a league of states and not a government driving its powers from the people (Zimmerman 15). They were unified in a loose partnership that’s purpose was essentially defense and general welfare. Each state sent delegates to a central Congress. The federal Congress was appointed several responsibilities that included settling land disputes and raising a Navy. The confederacy set up by the united States was doomed to fail for severalShow MoreRelatedRelationship Between State And Federal Governments825 Words   |  4 Pages Relationship Between State and Federal Governments Jasmine Rollins Lake Erie College Abstract Write the abstract here. Write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a singleRead MoreRelationship Between The Federal Government And The States1137 Words   |  5 PagesThe relationship between the Federal government and the states is well stable. The Federal government has powers given by the Constitution as well powers or privileges are given to the states which promotes a balance between the two so that our country is not ruled under one specific party or group. The question now is that, are the states rights more than well protected in the current constitution and the political practice. The Constitution is the structure of a political system. It establishesRead MoreRelationship Between The Federal Government And The United States1409 Words   |  6 PagesIn American politics, the relationship between the Federal Government and the States have not always been in conflict with one another. They were once â€Å"a firm league of friendship† Dye 71. When the Founding Fathers created the first law document, they were largely concerned with disunion through sectarian exertion. Their common cause for defense brought unity between the two governmental systems under the Articles of Confederation. However, over time the Articles revealed a problematic powerful provincialRead MoreComplicated Relationship Between the Federal, State, and Local Governments1808 Words   |  8 PagesThe relationship between the federal government of the United States and the state and local governments is unique. This relationship in the modern age has become more interconnected and complic ated than ever before. The weaknesses of American Federalism has never been as glaringly obvious as it was in the response by state, local and federal governments to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. Failures by multiple elected officials and government agencies exacerbated an already dire situation byRead MoreCriminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country Essay1372 Words   |  6 Pagesnations enjoy a unique legal position in the United States attributable to their sovereign status with built in powers of self-government. They also enjoy a special relationship with the federal government. In turn, this status and relationship has consequences for tribes and their members; for the states and their citizens; and the federal government. This paper will explore the significance of tribal sovereignty, the tribal-federal trust relationship, and their impact on criminal jurisdiction in IndianRead MoreThe Causes Of Federalism935 Words   |  4 Pagesconstitutional, relationship between the national government and its constitutive states. It combines powers of the national government with those of the states, and allows for each level of government to have their own inalienable rights. Federalism arose as a compromise after the Civil War, when the new constitution gave more power to the central government, but provided enshrined protections to the states. Intergovernmental relations describe interactions between federal, state, and local governments includingRead MoreFederalism in Usa1172 Words   |  5 Pagesthe relationship between the states and the U.S. federal government influences the creation of American policies overall 1. Provide three (3) examples of how federalism has evolved from its origins to the American political system in place today. Federalism defines a concept contrary to the federal government that takes all the authority of control. Federalism implies division of command among the levels of government. The central government does not take full control of the relationships of theRead MoreThe Power Struggle of the States and Federal Government in the United States1536 Words   |  7 Pagessimplistic way is the sharing of sovereignty between the national government and the local government. It is often described as the dual sovereignty of governments between the national and the local to exert power in the political system. In the US it is often been justified as one of the first to introduce federalism by the ‘founding fathers’ which were developed in order to escape from the overpowered central government. However, federalism in the United States is hitherto uncertain where the power liesRead MoreJackson vs. Calhoun and the Nullification Crisis1420 Words   |  6 PagesEisenhower and Nixon are a few examples (Jackson vs. Calhoun-Part 1 1). However, the most controversial relationship between president and his assistant was between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. Their disagreements began very early on in Jacksons administration, and lasted until after the resolution of the Nullification Crisis. Nullification is the refusal of a state to recognize a federal law within its boundaries and deem that law unconstitutional. In this case, South Carolina, led by JohnRead MoreConstitution Worksheet Essay1712 Words   |  7 PagesArticles of the United States Constitution Worksheet Part I: Principles of the Constitution The constitution consists of some primary principles. Briefly explain the following principles and their significance in shaping American government. * Self-Government: Is the most important principle in the Constitution of the United States and refers to the need to have a system which would make sure that everyone has a voice in the local, state and national governments.(

Monday, May 18, 2020

Study on Diabetic Patients Knowledge of Their Disease Essay

A study was conducted to measure diabetic patients’ knowledge about type 2 diabetes, its complications and to identify their beliefs regarding its predisposing factors, together with identifying their practices on aspects related to self-care management. Cross–sectional survey was conducted. Convenient method of sampling was adopted. The study included all adults (≠¥18 year) type 2 diabetic patients who received medical care in diabetic centers in hospitals and primary health care settings in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. Overall 670 patients were participated in this study. Of them (61%) were classified as knowledgeable about the disease. The level of patients’ knowledge was found to be significantly associated with patients’†¦show more content†¦Regular exercise has important effects on controlling hyperglycemia and on the prevalence of cardiovascular complications in type II diabetic patients [5]. Helping patients to gain knowledge, skills, resources and support are essential for optimal health and can assist in early detection of the disease and reduce the incidence of complications [6]. Many studies were conducted a round the world to understand the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding diabetes mellitus among diabetic patients. Knowledge about diabetes was found to be proportionally increased as the duration with the disease increased [7]. Hue et al. [8] found that half of diabetic patients did not adhere to regular exercise and diet and there was no correlation between the knowledge and practice of diabetic patients and their blood glucose control. Maina et al. [9] studied the KAP of diabetes; on average, they found that nearly three quarter of the respondents had poor knowledge and practices about the disease. Assessment of KAP of type II diabetic patients by Badruddin et al. [10] showed overall satisfactory awareness about the risk of diabetes complications, but the misconceptions regarding diet, insulin and diabetes were quite common. In Saudi Arabia researchers identified good knowledge but poor attitude and practices towards diabetes among female patients [11]. Understanding patients’ knowledge, beliefs, and practices towards diabetes, its complications, and treatment isShow MoreRelatedPrevention Of Diabetic Complications Among Elderly1696 Words   |  7 PagesPrevention Of Diabetic Complications Among Elderly Diabetic complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, peripheral neuropathy are directly linked to the geriatric depression scale (Floch, Doucet, Bauduceau Verny, 2014). Diabetes mellitus id one of the leading causes of death among elderly populations and it has great association with the behavioral factors such as inadequate meal, no physical exercise, smoking, consumption of added salt and junk foods, hypertension and other comorbidities (MantelRead MoreAdherence Of Non Adherence Among Diabetic Population And The Basic Demographic Factors Responsible For It1683 Words   |  7 Pagesadherence to oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) in diabetic patients. In his retrospective study, he conducted a research in a medical center where he found the relation between the glycosylated hemoglobin and adherence. In his study, 80% of the participants were adherent to the therapy showing inverse relationship with HbA1C level. As the level of adherence increases in patients the HbA1C would decreas e below 7% proving its adherence. Most of the patients were using metformin (46%). According to him,Read MoreCause Slower Heart Rates On Diabetes1306 Words   |  6 Pagesbecause with advanced nerve dysfunction, heart rates can be normal [95] but it persists in higher rates than patients without any diseases [96]. As a result, heart rate cannot be a reliable factor to determine CAN; however, decreased heart rate is the primary manifestation of CAN [95]. CAN is considered as a common chronic complication of diabetes mellitus that threatens life of patients with diabetes [97]. Its worldwide prevalence varies from 1.6% to 90% [98]. Dysfunction of autonomic nerve fibersRead MoreDiabetes : A Common Chronic Disease1230 Words   |  5 PagesDiabetes is a common chronic disease that causes problems in the way the blood uses food. The inability of the body to transform the sugar into energy is called diabetes. Glucose, a simple sugar, is the primary source of fuel for our bodies. When f ood is digested, some of the food will be converted into glucose which is then transferred from the blood into the cells however, insulin, which is produced by beta cells in the pancreas is needed. In individuals with diabetes, this process is impairedRead MoreDiabetes : A Common Chronic Disease1214 Words   |  5 PagesDiabetes Diabetes is a common chronic disease that causes problems in the way the blood uses food. The inability of the body to transform the sugar into energy is called diabetes. Glucose is the primary source of fuel for our body. When foods are digested, some of those foods are converted into glucose. Glucose then is transferred into the bloodstream and is used by cells for energy. However, for the glucose to be transferred from the blood into the cells, insulin, which was produced by betaRead MoreEssay on Diabetic Case Study1010 Words   |  5 PagesDiabetic Case Study Jill Davis University of Phoenix Amanda Brooks, FNP-BC October 5, 2009 Diabetic Case Study In this case study, we are presented with a man who has Type II diabetes signs and symptoms. He has recently gone through several psycho-social adjustments and is a busy professional man. A plan needs to be developed to assess, teach, and evaluate the patient’s health care needs by covering topics such as incidence, signs and symptoms, potential effects of the disease, educationalRead MoreDiabetes : A Common Chronic Disease878 Words   |  4 PagesDiabetes is a common chronic disease that causes problems in the way the blood uses food. The inability of the body to transform the sugar into energy is called diabetes. Glucose is the primary source of fuel for our body. When foods were digested, some of those foods were converted into glucose. Glucose then is transferred into the bloodstream and is used by cells for energy. However, for the glucose to be transferred from the blood into the cells; insulin, which was produced by the beta cellsRead MoreThe Common Illness of Di abetes1763 Words   |  7 Pagesproduction (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Normally, insulin produced by the pancreas is transported from bloodstream to the body cells or stored by the liver in the form of glycogen in order to balance blood glucose level. In people with type II diabetes, blood glucose remains in the blood due to insulin resistance, thereby resulting in hyperglycemia. Type II diabetes consists of about 90-95% of all the diabetic population in the US (Centers for Disease Control and PreventionRead MorePaper On Diabetes Education1099 Words   |  5 Pagesimproving various interventions of patients and increasing the knowledge of the patients concerning diabetes type 2. In a study aimed towards assessment of knowledge of diabetes among the type 2 diabetes patients in a primary health care clinic, it was revealed that educational programs are very important when it comes to filling the gap existing in knowledge to the various patients (Perara, DeSilva, and Perera, 2013). The gap existing in knowledge according to the study was in the symptoms of poor controlRead MoreImproved Management Of Diabetes Patients1609 Words   |  7 PagesImproved Management of Diabetes Patients in Rehabilitation Settings Finie M Hardie Capella University Orientation to Graduate Nursing Study Unit 3 Assignment Improved Management of Diabetes Patients in Rehabilitation Settings The purpose of this paper is to take a specific subset or population of patients and study the current interventions provided to them as diabetes patients in Rehabilitation Settings. Then, improvements will be proposed to improve patient outcomes in this same setting. Diabetes

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Presidents and Vice Presidents - How They Are Elected

The president and vice president of the United States campaign together and are elected as a team and not individually following the adoption of the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which was drafted to prevent the nations two highest elected officials from being from opposing political parties. The amendment made it more difficult, but not impossible, for voters to elect members of two political parties president and vice president. Candidates for president and vice president have appeared together on the same ticket since the election of 1804, the year the 12th Amendment was ratified. Prior to the adoption of the constitutional amendment, the office of vice president was awarded to the presidential candidate who won the second-largest number of votes, regardless of which political party he represented. In the presidential election of 1796, for example, voters chose John Adams, a Federalist, to be president. Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, was the runner-up in the vote count and thus became vice president to Adams. How a President and Vice President Could Be From Different Parties Still, theres nothing in the U.S. Constitution, particularly  the 12th Amendment, that prevents a  Republican from choosing a Democratic running mate or a Democrat from choosing a Green Party politician as her vice presidential candidate.  In fact, one of the nations modern-day presidential nominees came very close to selecting a running mate who wasnt from his own party. Still, it would be extremely difficult for a president to win an election in today’s hyperpartisan political climate with a running mate from an opposing party.   How could it happen? How could the United States end up with a Republican president and a Democratic vice president, or vice-versa?  Its  important to understand, first, that presidential and vice presidential candidates run together on the same ticket. Voters do not elect them separately but as a team. Voters choose presidents primarily based on their party affiliation, and their running mates typically are only minor factors in the decision-making process. So, in theory, the most obvious way for there to be a president and vice president from opposing political parties is for them to run on the same ticket.  What makes such a scenario unlikely, though, is the damage the candidate would sustain from members and voters of his party. Republican John McCain, for example, withered from the â€Å"outrage† of Christian conservatives when they found out he was leaning toward asking U.S. Sen. Joe Lieberman, a pro-abortion rights Democrat who left the party and became an independent. Theres one other way the U.S. could end up with a president and vice president could end up from opposing parties: in the case of an electoral tie where both presidential candidates receive fewer than the 270 electoral votes needed to win. In that case, the House of Representatives would choose the president and the Senate would choose the vice president. If the chambers are controlled by different parties, they would likely pick two people from opposing parties to serve in the White House. Why It's Unlikely thePresident and Vice President Would Be From Different Parties Sidney M. Milkis and Michael Nelson, the authors of The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776–2014, describe a â€Å"new emphasis on loyalty and competence and the new care invested in the selection process† as a reason presidential nominees choose a running mate with similar positions from the same party. â€Å"The modern era has been marked by an almost complete absence of ideologically opposed running mates, and those vice-presidential candidates who have differed on the issues with the head of the ticket have hastened to gloss over past disagreements and deny that any exist in the present.† What the Constitution Says Before the adoption of the 12th Amendment in 1804, voters chose presidents and vice presidents separately. When a president and vice  president were from opposing parties, as Vice President Thomas Jefferson and President John Adams were in the late 1700s, many thought the split provided a system of checks and balances just within the  executive branch.   According to the National Constitution Center, though: The presidential candidate who received the most electoral votes won the presidency; the runner-up became the vice president. In 1796, this meant that the president and the vice president were from different parties and had different political views, making governance more difficult. The adoption of Amendment XII solved this problem by allowing each party to nominate their team for president and vice president. Support for Electing Presidents and Vice Presidents Separately States could, in fact, allow separate votes for a president and vice president. But all of them now unify the two candidates on one ticket on their ballots. Vikram David Amar, a law professor at the University of California at Davis, wrote: â€Å"Why are voters denied the chance to vote for a president of one party and a vice president of the other? After all, voters often split their votes in other ways: between a president of one party and a House member or senator of the other; between federal representatives of one party and state representatives of the other.†

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Fire From The Stone Hearth Cast Out Its Warmth. Arthur’S

The fire from the stone hearth cast out its warmth. Arthur’s feet, still damp from a wonderful soak in water mixed with some herbs to relieve the aches, basked in the comforting heat. His elbow rested on the arm of the ornate chair, its high, straight back did nothing to relieve the aches in his spine. With his chin resting on his hand, his blue eyes reflected the glowing reds and oranges of the nearby flames. Cautiously, his eyes would shift to his manservant when he thought Merlin wasn’t looking. He knew he should confront Merlin about the notes that MIthian had shown him. But, what good would come of it, he wondered. If Arthur acknowledged the letters, he would be forced to follow it with some decision he was sure to dislike. In some†¦show more content†¦They were tales Arthur already knew, and some adventures he’d participated in himself. He wondered for a moment why they seemed to capture Merlin’s attention so strongly. Then, he remembered that tonight had been one of the first feasts Merlin had ever been allowed to attend as something other than a servant. Guinevere had been able to slip into the life of a lady easily, her years as Morgana’s maid had given her an appreciation for some of the finer details on posture and poise when it came to the nobles in the court. Merlin rarely displayed such an adhesion to propriety. Could he actually transcend beyond his role as servant to be a suitor to a princess? There were times Arthur may have thought so, but the bumbling, clumsy idiot part of the man would always make itself known shortly after. â€Å"It won’t work, you know,† Arthur said quietly, his inattention to Merlin’s ramblings obvious. Merlin paused. His hands stilled as they pulled down the bedcovers. He quirked his eyebrow up in a manner that remind Arthur of Gaius. The manservant’s eyes shifted back and forth trying to make sense of Arthur’s abrupt input to what had been a one-sided conversation. â€Å"Well, Gwaine already did get the girl and the mead,† he said, referring to the story he’d been retelling. â€Å"Are you saying you don’t think he’d be able to do it again?† â€Å"No. I’m talking about Princess Mithian. I saw one of the letters she received and recognized the handwriting,

British Enlightenment Free Essays

It is the realization of major reforms in life and its beliefs occurred during the age of enlightment which was a short period in our human history when thinkers gave realistic recognition of the sad human state and condition and giving optimism to a new set of ideas. (Roy P. 35) These set of ideas question tradition the very basis of pre conceived thoughts of the past. We will write a custom essay sample on British Enlightenment or any similar topic only for you Order Now The set of ideas also had an attitude within themselves, which did a way with beliefs and justified modernism (Roy P.  50) The British Enlightenment The British enlightenment was a movement which started about the year 1680 and it is believed to have ended in the year 1820. This was a time and age which many philosophers and thinkers thought of ways to cope with challenges faced like ignorance and superstition. (Gregory C. 114) It was characterized by much scientific and intellectual accomplishment. It was the age of great thinkers. The British enlightenment was a movement which in many ways named itself since the thinkers and writers thought they were more enlightened than the general population at that time, since most of them were poor and lived in rural settings and thus the thinkers set out to enlighten them. (Roy P. 43) But the British enlightenment did not start from within, it was influenced by the greater Europe which had been undergoing â€Å"Enlightenment† the greatest influence on Britain was the Scottish and the French enlightenment which had started a little earlier than the British enlightenment. (Burke, P. 55) But also the British overthrowing their king earlier in the 17th century creating an opening for democracy and Protestantism started the French and the Scottish enlightenment. The British enlightenment was commonly referred to, as empiricism in Britain since the main characteristics of enlightenment namely search for knowledge and defiance of tradition were not so visible due to their social conditions. Nonetheless the things mainly targeted for change were hereditary aristocracy and religion especially Catholicism. (Gregory C. 116) This period of enlightenment in Britain was characterized by rise in intellectual life, which brought improvement in Britain’s key sector of agriculture. More ways of maximizing output were realized thus reduced famine commonly experienced after every eight to nine years. The economy also advanced due to this and more people moved to urban areas in such of prosperity especially London which had close to a million people at the time. (Gregory C. 112) There were also a growing number of people who believed in science and disciplined reason. There was also a chance for common people to explore fanatism and passions, which were earlier, deprived by traditions and beliefs. Enlightenment had its benefits but had its fair share of downfalls. Due to increasing urban population, citizens drank and gambled causing a decay of morals and family values, streets were filled with prostitutes and people had lack of respect to values once strongly upheld. (Gregory C. 112) Thinkers like John Locke and David Hume led this revolution. They believed that humanity was deeply inclined to emotion than reason thus sparking a wave of people who believed less in magic or supernatural things but more on the power of human reasoning. Enlightenment though welcomed openly in Europe especially in England, Scotland and France had its enemies most prolific being Karl Marx the founder of maxim or better known as socialism. It also led to uprisings like the French Revolution but all these did not deter the British from being enlightened thus forming the basis of capitalism and a new era. (Gregory C. 113) Conclusion The enlightenment is mostly viewed as an anomaly in our history when people believed perfect societies would be built in a matter of reasoning, sense and tolerating each other. But these infatuations can never be realized since religion is a key mover in modern society and still has a strong following of disciples who believe in supernatural beings and customary beliefs. Superstition is still a major setback in the enlightening of people. But enlightenment is still alive with us with the human rights activism and belief in pursuing your passion and fanatism without fear of authority but belief in human equality and prosperity Thus nobody is left out when fighting for there rights even in minorities like the poor or disabled. Though the brief enlightening era is long gone there are still a few enlightenment pioneers in the modern age who believe in human knowledge and prosperity without fear of authority but belief in human equality and prosperity, to this day the British still concerned with the affairs of politics and morality with intensity. (Burke, P. 66) Works Cited Burke, Peter. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe. New York: Harper and Row, 1978. 23-67 Gregory Claeys: Utopias of the British Enlightenment, Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought: Cambridge University Press, 1994 112-118 Roy Porter: The Creation of the Modern World: The Untold Story of the British Enlightenment: New York: Norton, 2000. 34-56 How to cite British Enlightenment, Papers

Scholarly vs Popular Writing free essay sample

The sources or references listed for which the information is based on can be invalid, lack relevance or reliability. A second reason would be what was written may not necessarily had been for academic or professional audiences. Because it is unclear how many other theories were exhausted from consideration, and ideas expressed could be based entirely on biased or opinion. Lastly would say uncertainty of the accuracy of information provided. In example, dates can be out dated, erroneous, or not based on the facts.All the before mentioned are contributing factors to why I believe Wisped. Com is not a credible resource. It is permissible to use a non-scholarly resources depending on the quality of the resource used and topic youre researching. Should I ever be presented tit the inability to find a peer reviewed article, would retreat to the next best thing a highly respected trade publication. Like if I was writing about insurance I would use and accepted trade publication in the insurance industry. We will write a custom essay sample on Scholarly vs Popular Writing or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although it might not be scholarly, or as quality as a scholarly article may be, they can sometimes be credible. A credible resource through the internet for the use in the field of management: http://midi. Com/ journal/cram. On this site you will find this journal on risk and financial management, which are both under the general umbrella of management. The site not only includes varying topics in management with peer reviewed articles based on in depth research but it also is based on theoretical concepts for academics with practical applications in mind.When determining if the resource I am using biased in its information or viewpoints would have to ask the following questions. Can the writer benefit from expressing a particular viewpoint? Can the writer benefit by suppressing specific information? Is the information supported by other credible resources? Does the resource support a prejudice or a particular stereo type? Any of these could suggest a resource is biased. References: Elder, L, Paul, R. (2009) Becoming a critic of your thinking.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Pulmonary Disease or Lung Disease free essay sample

Pulmonary disease or lung disease is any disease or disorder that occurs in the lungs or that causes the lungs or that causes the lungs not to work correctly. Some diseases or disorders that affect the lungs are Pneumothrax, Pneumonia, Hemothorax, and Infectious Mononucleosis: Epstein Barr virus Infection. There are many signs, symptoms, treatments and medications for Pulmonary diseases. Symptoms and signs for Pneumothorax varies from patient to patient but usually includes Sudden and sharp soreness in the chest on the region where the lung is affected.Briefness of breath is a symptom depending the quantity of the lung that is collapsed there could be more or less shortness of breath. Tension in the chest around the area of the collapsed lung is a symptom or sign. Another Symptom or Sign is rapid heartbeat. Treatment for Pneumothorax is to allow the lung to heal. The quantity of the patient’s lung that is collapsed will determine whether the doctor needs to monitor the condition with X-rays until the lung re-expands to normal this can take up to a few days or a few weeks. We will write a custom essay sample on Pulmonary Disease or Lung Disease or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Needle or chest tube insertion is a form of treatment when the lung has collapsed this is how the doctor will remove the air from the patient’s lung. Chest tubes are often attached to a suction device that will constantly remove air from chest cavity this suction device can be in position for a couple of hours or a few days. Video assisted thoracoscopy is a commonly used surgical process where the doctor inserts two to three tubes one tube is for the camera while the other tubes are used to close the air leak with surgical tools. Video assisted thoracoscopy usually works but if it does not a surgical process with an incision may be needed.Medications for Pneumathrax are anesthetics and analgesics which should be used if the patient is not in distress. Antibiotics after chest tube insertion may decrease complications. Coding for Pneumothorax is 512 (requires a fourth numeral). Pneumonia is an infective inflammation of the lungs (Frazier Drzymkowski, 2009). Symptoms and signs of Pneumonia can differ from patient to patient but include fever, cough, and shortness of breath, sweating and shaking chills. Other symptoms and signs of Pneumonia are chest pain that changes with breathing headaches, muscle soreness and exhaustion.Treatment for Pneumonia differ depending on how bad the symptoms and signs are and the type of Pneumonia the patient has. Bacterial Pneumonia will be treated with antibiotics. Viral Pneumonia is treated with antiviral medications, plenty of rest and plenty of fluids. Mycoplasma Pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. Fungal Pneumonia is caused by fungus and is treated with antifungal medication. There are several medications that can be taken for Pneumonia. Amoxil is an antibiotic it must be taken for the entire length the doctor prescribed to be completely treated. Bactrim is an antibiotic that is used to treat infections caused by bacteria.Flagyl fights infection caused by bacteria. Zyvox fights bacteria in the body. The ICD-9-CM Code for Pneumonia is 486 (organism unnamed). Hemothorax is the accumulation of blood and fluid in the pleural cavity (Frazier Drzymkowski, 2009). The symptoms and signs of Hemothorax are nervousness, chest soreness, rapid heart rate, restlessness, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms and signs of Hemothorax are pale and damp skin weak pulse, and falling blood pressure. When treating Hemothorax the goal is to stop bleeding, get rid of the blood and air in the pleural space. A tube can be placed in the chest wall to deplete air and blood.The tube will be kept in place for several days to re-expand the lung. The blood that is lost must be replaced. Surgery may be needed to stop the bleeding. Medication for Hemothorax would be an antibiotic when tubes are in the patient’s chest. Pain control may be required in the chest area where the tube is going to inserted in the patient’s chest. The ICD-9-CM Code is 511. 8. Infectious Mononucleosis Epstein-Barr Virus Infection is also is known as Mono. Mono has many symptoms and signs they are exhaustion, weakness, uncomfortable throat, fever, inflamed tonsils, headache, irritation on skin, loss of hunger, nighttime sweats.Inflamed lymph nodes in the patient’s neck or armpits are also symptoms and signs of Mono. Mono is viral infection so antibiotics will not work to heal it. Bed rest and plenty of fluids are needed to fight Mono. Rinse your throat with lukewarm salt water to ease painful throat. Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for soreness and fever. The ICD-9-CM Code for Mono is 075. Pulmonary disease or lung disease affects all people. All Pulmonary diseases have different symptoms, signs, forms of treatment, different types of medication and ICD-9 codes.